It seems that they have gathered together the growing body of research evidence showing that food and diet can improve the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
"Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis should switch from omnivorous diets, drinking alcohol, and smoking to Mediterranean, vegan, elemental, or elimination diets, as advised by their doctor or dietician."said Dr. Bhawna Gupta one of the report authors.Many reports have stated that the population of gut microbes gets altered in a person affected with RA, and other autoimmune diseases, and several animal studies have already proved that any alteration in gut microbiota corresponds to initiation of RA. Self-help by means of dietary interventions can help in management of various disorders including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a debilitating autoimmune disease.
Dietary suggestions are appealing to patients as they are affordable, accessibile, and scientific evidences show they have substantial benefits in reducing disease symptoms such as pain, joint stiffness, swelling, tenderness and associated disability with disease progression.
In the review they have included all the dietary interventions that clearly indicate clinically and statistically significant and beneficial long-term effects for relieving symptoms, delay in disease progression and associated damages in RA patients.
Here are the recomendations from the study. I have not included all the supporting studies which you can see in detail in the report but just the simple dietary suggestions. Please keep in mind you do not have to do them all but just pick one to try:
Seven Days Fasting Followed by Vegan Diet. A fasting of 7–10 days with partial nutrient intake of vegetable broth, herbal teas, parsley, garlic, and decoction of potatoes; juice extracts from carrots, beets, and celery; and a controlled daily energy intake followed by 1 year of a vegan diet as compared to omnivorous diet was studied in different trials. Together these studies observed remarkable decrease in swollen and tender joints, pain, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP).
|Carrot, celery and beetroot juice|
Mediterranean Diet is rich in oleic acid, omega-3 fatty acids, unrefined carbohydrates, and phytochemicals . MD involves high consumption of olive oil, cereals, fruits, vegetables, fish, and legumes; less red meat; and inclusion of moderate amount of red wine in diet. Studies have also shown that incorporation of olive oil in diet decreases the risk of developing RA.
Elemental Diet provides food in simplest form consisting of glucose, vitamins, trace elements, and essential amino acids, is hypoallergenic, contains all nutrients for daily requirements, and is thought to be less immunogenic.
Elimination Diet Certain food and food components may worsen the disease conditions in RA . Thus, an elimination diet plan may as well be considered wherein we eliminate those food related antigens that may possibly aggravate the disease symptoms.
Individual Food Items in Diet and Their Relevance to RA
Dietary Fibers and Whole Grains
|Yoghurt with probiotics and berries|
- reduce their disease activity,
- delay disease progression,
- reduce joint damage,
- eventually mean a decreased dose of drugs administered for therapeutic treatment of patients.